# Retrieval: Getting Information Out & Retrieval Cues

Topic: Retrieval: Getting Information Out & Retrieval Cues

Posted by: Il-jee

Key Terms:

  • Recall: a measure of memory in which the person must retrieve information learned earlier, as on a fill-in-the-blank test.
  • Recognition: a measure of memory in which the person need only identify items previously learned, as on a multiple choice test.
  • Relearning: a memory measure that assesses the amount of time saved when learning material for a second time.
  • Priming: the activation, often unconsciously, of particular associations in memory.
  • Deja vu: that eerie sense that "I've experienced this before." Cues from the current situation may subconsciously trigger retrieval of an earlier experience.
  • Mood-congruent: the tendency to recall experiences that are consistent with one's current good or bad mood.


"To remember an event requires not only getting it in (encoding) and retaining it (storage), but also getting it out. Retrieval is aided by cues associated with the event, including those in the context where we encoded it." We call memory, recall- ability to retrieve information. But in psychology memory is more than just being able to recall information; Ability to recognize and relearn at a quicker speed than before is also memory. Retrieval cues are used to provide reminders of information to ourselves. Reminders occur in a process called priming. We first identify one of the strands that lead to the reminder. Retrieval cues prime our memories of earlier experiences- and the best ones come from the associations formed at the time we encode memory. The circumstances where we experience something effect our memory. Experiments by Carolyn Rovee-Collier found context activates memories even in 3 months olds. Taking exam in the same room where you are regularly taught will help. Context effect is a reason why we experience deja vu. Being in context similar to one we've been in before triggers deja vu. Emotion is also a retrieval cue- specific emtion we've experienced in the past will also prime us to recall associated events. Cognitive psychologist Gordon Power explained it, "An emotion is like library room into which we place memory records. We best retrieve those records by returning to that emotional room." Our moods bias our memory-memories are mood congruent. While in a good or bad mood, we tend to retrieve memories congruent with that mood.

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# Retrieval: Getting Information Out & Retrieval Cues - The Neuron

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