Autistic Disorder


Autistic Disorder - The Neuron7

Classification

Developmental Disorder
1 a disorder with deviations from normal development in childhood
Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD)
opposed to Specific Developmental Disorder (SDD),
refers to a group of conditions that involve delays in the development of many basic skills,
2 most notably the ability to socialize with others, to communicate, and to use imagination.

Do you have...Autistic Disorder?!

Definition: Autistic disorder (also called autism; more recently described as "mindblindedness") is a neurological and developmental disorder that usually appears during the first three years of life. 3

If you have the following ... please stand up.

I. Are you ... a child (0 - 3 years)

II. Do you ... a) live in your own world
b) show little interest in others
c) lack social awareness


Autistic Disorder - The NeuronSymptoms
Play Alone
Resist Cuddling
Resistant to Change
Repeated Body Movements
3 Delayed Speech Development





6

Causes
It is ... unknown.

[Nature?] "Research suggests that [...] several genes are involved in the development of autism."
[Nurture?] It is also possible that the environment affected the child. However, parenting is not the cause or correlating factor of autism. 3




Therapies
Behavioral Programs
Teach social, motor, and cognitive (thinking) skills.
Intensive behavior therapy during early childhood and home-based approaches training and involving parents are effective.

Education Programs

Develop social skills, speech, language, self-care, and job skills.

Medication
Mental health professionals provide parent counseling, social skills training, and individual therapy.
3
They also help families identify and participate in treatment programs based on an individual child's treatment needs.

Case Study


Tommy Johnson is a 5-year-old boy with autism. He has difficulty communicating with his peers and frequently fails to respond when people speak to him. Tommy never initiates conversations and rarely makes eye contact with other individuals. Periodically, Tommy becomes upset and loses his temper throughout the school day. Tommy is not the only person with autism in his family. His older brother, Matthew, exhibits some signs of autism, including certain repetitive behaviors, difficulty with social skills, and behavioral problems. Despite these barriers, Mathew has been successfully integrated into a general education classroom.

Tommy was placed in a special education class at Springfield Elementary School at the beginning of September. Mrs. Penny, Tommy’s teacher, has been unable to find effective teaching strategies to work with Tommy. He rarely listens to Mrs. Penny and has difficulty interacting with the six other students in his class. At home, Mr. and Mrs. Johnson have noticed that Tommy loses his temper more frequently since their move to Springfield last year. They have learned that the methods that helped Matthew change his behavior do not seem to be effective with Tommy. In order to reassess the strategies for working with Tommy, Mrs. Penny scheduled an IEP team meeting. 4

Related Disorders

Autism
Asperger syndrome
Rett syndrome
Childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD)
2 Pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS)

Additional Links
1.http://www.mentalhealth.com/dis/p20-ch06.html
2.http://www.healthyplace.com/other-info/psychiatric-disorder-definitions/autistic-disorder/menu-id-71/
3.http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/autism/autism.htm
4.http://childstudycenter.yale.edu/autism/autism.html
5.http://www.healthsystem.virginia.edu/uvahealth/peds_mentalhealth/autism.cfm
6.http://www.webmd.com/brain/autism/development-disorder
7.http://www.medterms.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=11145
8.http://www.emstac.org/registered/topics/autism/case.htm
9.http://kidshealth.org/kid/health_problems/brain/autism.html
10.http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/autism.html


Pictures and Videos


< Autism Therapy - ABA> 5

WAPA Citation

1. MedicineNet, Initials. (1999, November 16). Medicinenet. Retrieved from http://www.medterms.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=11145
2. WevMD, Initials. (2010, March 19). Webmd. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/brain/autism/development-disorder
3. Wheat, Z. (2008, April 21). University of verginia health system. Retrieved from http://www.healthsystem.virginia.edu/uvahealth/peds_mentalhealth/autism.cfm
4. EMSTAC, Initials. (2007, November 30). Emstac. Retrieved from http://www.emstac.org/registered/topics/autism/case.htm
5. Domermet, Initials. (2008, January 31). Youtube. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NbVG8lYEsNs
6. Seupersaud, M. (2004). Hsc 3gi. Retrieved from http://chci.wrdsb.on.ca/library/hspbrain.htm
7. Chris, . (2009, August). Debateitout.com. Retrieved from http://www.debateitout.com/can-autism-be-cured-or-managed.html

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