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Classical Conditioning & Pavlov’s Experiment
Topic: Classical Conditioning & Pavlov's Experiment
Posted by: Gina
Summary:A Russian psychologist Ivan Pavlov used classical conditioning to make an experiment. Classical conditioning is a type of learning in which an organism comes to associate stimuli. A neutral stimulus that signals an unconditioned stimulus begins to produce a response that anticipates and prepares for the unconditioned stimulus.
Pavlov designed an experiment to test classical conditioning with the involvement of saliva by conditioning dogs. Dogs not only salivated when meat powder was present (UC), but also salivated in the presence of the lab technician who normally fed them. Pavlov predicted that when meat was present, the stimulus became associated with food and caused salivation.
Pavlov tried another experiment on dogs by ringing bells to call the dogs for food. After a few repetitions, the dogs began to salivate when the bell rang. Thus, bell was a conditioned stimulus that was respondent to the unconditioned
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