Dissociative Identity Disorder 2010

Psychological Disorders Assignement - Dissociative Identity Disorder - The Neuron
Psychological Disorders Assignement - Dissociative Identity Disorder - The Neuron

Dissociative Identity Disorder 2010 - The Neuron


As one of the Dissociative Disorders, Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) is a psychiatric diagnosis that describes a condition in which a person displays multiple distinct identities/personalitiies (kwon as alter egos/alters), each with its own pattern of perceiving and interacting w/ the environment. It is also known as the Multiple Personality Disorder, which is when at least two personalities routinely take control of the individual's behavior with and associated memory loss that goes beyond normal forgetfulness.
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Psychological Disorders Assignement - Dissociative Identity Disorder - The Neuron

Diagnostic criteria for 300.14 Dissociative Identity Disorder
(cautionary statement)

A. The presence of two or more distinct identities or personality states (each with its own relatively enduring pattern of perceiving, relating to, and thinking about the environment and self). B. At least two of these identities or personality states recurrently take control of the person's behavior. C. Inability to recall important personal information that is too extensive to be explained by ordinary forgetfulness. D. The disturbance is not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance (e.g., blackouts or chaotic behavior during Alcohol Intoxication) or a general medical condition (e.g., complex partial seizures). Note: In children, the symptoms are not attributable to imaginary playmates or other fantasy play. 2


1) multiple mannerisms, attitudes, and beliefs that are not similar to each other
2) unexplainable headaches and other body pains
3) distortion/loss of subjective time
4) comorbidity
5) depersonalization
6) derealization
7) severe memory loss
8) depression
9) flashbacks of abuse/trauma
10) unexplainable phobias
11) sudden anger w/o a justified cause
12) lack of intimacy and personal connections
13) frequent panic/anxiety attacks
14) auditory hallucinations of the personalities inside their mind 1

Psychological Disorders Assignement - Dissociative Identity Disorder - The Neuron

The cause have not been identified clearly, but it is assumed that Dissociative Identity Disorder is linked with interaction of overwhelming stress, traumatic antecedents, insufficient childhood nurturing, and an innate ability to dissociate memories/experiences from consciousness. There has also been a report that there are high percentage a those who went through child abuse among the patients or have experienced severe physical and sexual abuse (childhood). 1

Psychological Disorders Assignement - Dissociative Identity Disorder - The Neuron

Psychotherapy
Generally considered the main component of treatment for Dissociative Identity Disorder. Therapists attempt to improve patients relationships with others or become more open and comfortable to others. Often direct patients to find elements of themselves to work and exist together. Some put there goal to make the different "selfs" to work together, but others would sometimes try to get rif of the other "self."

Hypnosis
Is a strategy to give or increase the idea of Dissociative Identity Disorder to the patient, such as their symptoms and identity, which is done intentionally to increase the self control over their own states.

Medication

It is often used to address many mental heatlh conditions Dissociative Identity Disorder patients could have, for example, depression, anxiety, anger, and impulsive actions. But medications must be used carefully on patients, because it might give them thoughts that they are being controlled and negatively effect. 3

Psychological Disorders Assignement - Dissociative Identity Disorder - The Neuron
Case #1:
Lurancy Vennum of Watseka, USA, the famous “Watseka Wonder”, at the age of 14 appeared to become possessed by the spirit of a neighbour, who had died aged 18, when Lurancy was only an infant. The spirit, Mary, took over totally for 4 months, during which period the child went to live with Mary’s parents, who were in no doubt, both from her behaviour and from the many detailed references to shared experiences that this was indeed the spirit of their daughter. Two weeks before Lurancy’s “return” Mary tearfully predicted that she would leave. Restored to her previous consciousness, Lurancy went home to her parents and, except for occasional messages from Mary, behaved just as previously. She had no memory of the four months of Mary’s control. Followed up for many years, Lurancy married and left home to lead a normal life.

Case #2:
The case of Billy Milligan, an icon in the MPD literature, could not be more different. It too challenges the dissociation-pure-and-simple hypothesis. A very full account can be found in “The Minds of Billy Milligan” (1981), by Daniel Keyes. Billy, a college student, was charged with several rapes of young women. In treatment, 24 separate alters were identified. The one claiming responsibility for the rapes was female. Milligan was acquitted on the grounds of multiple personality disorder, now DID. Not all the features, to my reading, support the dissociation hypothesis. One personality, Arthur, the Englishman, very knowledgeable in the sphere of medical research, in which Billy had no interest, was also a fluent reader and writer of Arabic. Another, Regan, spoke Serbo-Croat and only broken American. Billy had never been exposed to these languages. He was exhibiting xenoglossy, the speaking of unlearned languages, strong evidence for spirit attachment or past life recall, but not an effect of dissociation. Past life recall could be excluded in this case because of Arthur’s knowledge of contemporary medical research.4

Psychological Disorders Assignement - Dissociative Identity Disorder - The Neuron

  • Epilepsy
  • Schizophrenia
  • Anxiety Disorders
  • Mood Disroders
  • Post traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Personality Disroder
  • Eating Disroder
Psychological Disorders Assignement - Dissociative Identity Disorder - The Neuron

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Citation
1.
"Dissociative Identity Disorder." Wikipedia. Web. 18 Mar. 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dissociative_identity_disorder>.
2.
"Dissociative Identity Disorder." BehaveNet. Web. 18 Mar. 2010. <http://www.behavenet.com/capsules/disorders/did.htm>.
3."Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) Causes, Symptoms, Signs, Diagnosis and Treatment." MedicineNet.com. Web. 18 Mar. 2010. <http://www.medicinenet.com/dissociative_identity_disorder/article.htm>.
4."Case Study - Multiple Personality." Spirit Release Foundation. Web. 18 Mar. 2010. <http://www.spiritrelease.com/cases/multiplepersonality.htm>.
5."Dissociative Disorders (Including Dissociative Identity Disorder)." The Awareness Center, Inc. Web. 18 Mar. 2010. <http://www.theawarenesscenter.org/DID.html>.
6."Jekyll and Hare, Dissociative Identity Disorder." YouTube. Web. 18 Mar. 2010. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S24FUTShtrs>.
7."Dissociative Identity Disorder." YouTube. Web. 18 Mar. 2010. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7iHJfIH20TY>.

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