Long-Term Memory

Topic: Long-Term Memory

Posted by: Chris Song

Key Terms:

  • Memory - the persistence of learning over time through the storage and retrieval of information.
  • Flashbulb Memory - a clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event.
  • Encoding - the processing of information into the memory system for example, by extracting meaning.
  • Storage - the retention of encoded information over time.
  • Retrieval - the process of getting information out of memory storage.
  • Long-Term Memory - the relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system.


There are two types of long term memory. One is Declarative Memory. Declarative Memory can be divided into two sections, episodic memory and semantic memory. Episodic memory is memory for specific events. Semantic memory is a memory for knowledge. The other type of long term memory is Procedural Memory. Procedural Memory remembers movements of body and use of objects.

Our capacity for storing long-term memory is limitless. Our brain does not discard old memory to provide space for the new information. However it is possible to forget long term memory. Several recalls or retrievals are needed for long term memory to last for years. Sleeping helps processing short term memory into long term memory.


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Long-Term Memory - The Neuron
It is a very interesting and informative video clip!!

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