Topic: Memory Construction & Misinformation and Imagination Effects
Posted by: Lydia
Memories are constructed by using stored and new information.
When people are informed of misleading information after an event, they often include it in the event, this is called a misinformation effect.
People are unaware if their memories are from actual or suggested events.
When people are corrected they usually respond by insisting that their original memory is flawed.
Memory gaps are filled with guesses and assumptions therefore possibly altering the ability to recall accurate events.
After numerous times of saying the same story, we accept the guesses as real memory.
Imagining nonexistent actions and events can also create false memory.
By imagination, the events appear more realistic therefore we often times take it in as part of our memory.
Related Videos and Pictures:The picture below shows a research by E. F. Loftus and J.C. Palmer, 1974