Memory Construction & Misinformation and Imagination Effects


Topic: Memory Construction & Misinformation and Imagination Effects

Posted by: Lydia

Key Terms:

  • Misinformation Effect: Incorporating misleading information into one's memory of an event

Summary:


Memory ConstructionMemory Construction & Misinformation and Imagination Effects - The Neuron

Memories are constructed by using stored and new information.


Misinformation Effects

When people are informed of misleading information after an event, they often include it in the event, this is called a misinformation effect.

People are unaware if their memories are from actual or suggested events.

When people are corrected they usually respond by insisting that their original memory is flawed.

Memory gaps are filled with guesses and assumptions therefore possibly altering the ability to recall accurate events.

After numerous times of saying the same story, we accept the guesses as real memory.


Imagination Effects
Spongebob and imagination

Imagining nonexistent actions and events can also create false memory.

By imagination, the events appear more realistic therefore we often times take it in as part of our memory.

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Related Videos and Pictures:

The picture below shows a research by E. F. Loftus and J.C. Palmer, 1974

Memory Construction & Misinformation and Imagination Effects - The Neuron




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