Psych M.D - Theory X


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Term: Theory X
Definition (Myers): Assumes that workers are basically lazy, error-prone, and extrinsically motivated by money and, thus should be directed from above.
Definition (alternative): In this theory, management assumes employees are inherently lazy and will avoid work if they can. They inherently dislike work. Because of this, workers need to be closely supervised and comprehensive systems of controls developed. A hierarchical structure is needed with narrow span of control at each level. According to this theory, employees will show little ambition without an enticing incentive program and will avoid responsibility whenever they can. The Theory X manager tends to believe that everything must end in blaming someone. He or she thinks all prospective employees are only out for themselves. Usually these managers feel the sole purpose of the employee's interest in the job is money. They will blame the person first in most situations, without questioning whether it may be the system, policy, or lack of training that deserves the blame. A Theory X manager believes that his or her employees do not really want to work, that they would rather avoid responsibility and that it is the manager's job to structure the work and energize the employee. One major flaw of this management style is it is much more likely to cause Diseconomies of Scale in large businesses. link
Contextual explanation: So basically, theory X assumes that employees are lazy and if they can skip work, they will. As a result of this assumption, workers have to be controlled and managed. However, it states that they will work if there is something to motivate the workers such as money.

Related terms and concepts: Motivation, Theory Y

Psych M.D - Theory X - The Neuron
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Edited by: John

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