|Term: Exposure therapies|
|Definition (Myers): Behavioral techniques, such as systematic desensitization, that treat anxieties by exposing people (in imagination or actuality) to the things they fear and avoid.|
|Definition (alternative): is a cognitive behavioral therapy technique for reducing fear and anxiety responses, especially phobia, based on the principles of habituation and cognitive dissonance.|
What is Exposure therapies?
|Contextual explanation: The exposure therapies is from the category of Classical Conditioning Techniques. Moreover, a psychiatrist Joseph Wolpe improved Jones' technique into a method of behavior therapy called the exposure therapies. This method exposed patients to what they normally avoid. With repeated exposure, patients become less responsive to things that once horrified them. Systematic desensitization is one of the most widely used method for exposure therapy. This method was to give the patient with continuous relaxation when facing anxiety-provoking stimuli, then later the patient will gradually eliminate his or her anxiety. |
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|Edited by: Anna|