Psych M.D. – Behaviorism


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Term: Behaviorism
Definition (Myers): the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science that (2) studies behavior without reference to mental processes. Most research psychologists today agree with (1) but not with (2).1
Definition (alternative): behaviorism is a theory of animal and human learning that only focuses on objectively observable behaviors and discounts mental activities. 2
Contextual explanation: Behaviorism is the idea that studies the behaviors of the animals and humans. They focus more on the physical movements than the mental movement and they observe the behaviors objectively to make a theory or prove their hypothesis.
Related terms and concepts:
Classical Conditioning 3 Operant Conditioning 4






5


* The video is about Little Albert experiment done by John B. Watson.
Related websites:
Sources:
  1. Myers, D. G. (2004). Psychology. New York, New York: Worth Publishers.
  2. Bryant, L. (2008, December 9). Behaviorism. Funderstanding: Education and Training for Active Learners. Retrieved December 8, 2009, from http://www.funderstanding.com/content/behaviorism
  3. Cryer, L. (2003, April 5). Learning Theories - Classical Conditioning. Northern College for residential and non-residential adult education - Begin, Discover, Succeed. Retrieved December 8, 2009, from http://www.northern.ac.uk/NCMaterials/psychology/lifespan%20folder/Learningtheories.htm
  4. Hankell III, A. (2009, April 25). Skinner’s Box will be up dated in class. « AVC Services. AVC Services. Retrieved December 8, 2009, from http://ahankell.wordpress.com/2009/04/25/skinners-box-will-be-up-dated-in-class/
  5. Youtube (individual producer unknown). John Watson- Little Albert. Retrieved 12/09/09, from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xt0ucxOrPQE&feature=related
Edited by: Alice
Date of last edit: 12/09/09



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