Psych M.D. - Empiricism


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Term: Empiricism
Definition (Myers): the view that (a) knowledge comes from experience via the senses, and (b) science flourishes through observation and experiment
Definition (alternative): Empiricism is a theory which holds that the origin of all knowledge is sense experience. It also refers to the method of observation and experiment used in the natural sciences.
Contextual explanation: Empiricism is really an easy concept. All it says is that we learn things through our experience. When we are just born, our mind is a "white paper", as John Locke said, and we build our knowledge upon it as we go through sense experience. For example, when we are infants, there's no way to know that the fire is dangerous. We learn it when we experience the pain after trying to touch the fire.
Related terms and concepts:
Psych M.D. - Empiricism - The NeuronPsych M.D. - Empiricism - The Neuron
- John Locke, a British political philosopher, helped form modern empiricism.
Related websites:
  • http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/rationalism-empiricism/
  • http://www.simplypsychology.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk/science-psychology.html
  • http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/05407a.htm



Sources:
  1. Myers , D.G. (2003). Psychology Seventh Edition . Holland, Michigan : Worth Publishers .
  2. Carroll, R.T. (2009, February 23). empiricism. Retrieved September 24, 2009, from the Skeptic's Dictionary Web site: http://www.skepdic.com/empiricism.html
  3. McLeod, S.A. (2007). Is Psychology a Science?. Retrieved September 24, 2009, from Simply Psychology Web site: http://www.simplypsychology.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk/science-psychology.html
  4. Hutson-Wrenn, C (2009, August 28). South Carolina and the Red Bird. Now and then.. Retrieved September 24, 2009, from Charleston through an Artist's eye Web site: http://charlottehutson.wordpress.com/2009/08/



Edited by: Sueun
Date of last edit: 2009/09/25



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