Psych M.D. - Gestalt Psychology


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Term: Gestalt (Psychology)
Definition (Myers): An organized whole. Gestalt psychologists emphasize our tendency to integrate pieces of information into meaningful wholes. (p. 236)[1]
Definition (alternative): Gestalt psychology is psychology that explains how people tend to group things together.
Contextual explanation: Originating from the work of Max Wertheimer in response to Wilhelm Wundt's structuralism.

"There are wholes, the behavior of which is not determined by that of their individual elements, but where the part-processes are themselves determined by the intrinsic nature of the whole. It is the hope of Gestalt theory to determine the nature of such wholes" (1928) - Wilhelm Wundt[2]

Rather than simply registering information from the world, our brain goes further and infers perceptions to what makes sense.[1]

Includes:
Form Perception
  • Figure and Ground
  • Grouping (proximity, similarity, continuity, connectedness, closure)
Depth Perception
  • Monocular Cues (relative size, interposition, relative clarity, texture gradient, relative height, relative motion, linear perspective, light and shadow)
  • Binocular Cues
Motion Perception
Perceptual Constancy
  • Shape and Size Constancy
  • Lightness Constancy
Related terms and concepts:
[3]
[4]
Gestalt - SimilarityPsych M.D. - Gestalt Psychology - The NeuronPsych M.D. - Gestalt Psychology - The NeuronPsych M.D. - Gestalt Psychology - The NeuronPsych M.D. - Gestalt Psychology - The NeuronPsych M.D. - Gestalt Psychology - The Neuron[5]
Related websites:
Sources:
  1. Myers, D. G. (2004). Psychology. New York, New York: Worth Publishers.
  2. Wagner, K. V. Gestalt Psychology - What is Gestalt Psychology?. Retrieved October 10, 2009, from About.com:Psychology Web site: http://psychology.about.com/od/schoolsofthought/f/gestalt_faq.htm
  3. Rodolfo1114, (2008, August 25). Gestalt Principles of Perception. Retrieved October 11, 2009, from YouTube Web site: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nxKcpfFvuf8
  4. Rosembergl, (2008, October 15). Trabalho Gestalt. Retrieved October 11, 2009, from YouTube Web site: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nr3TaVzBSKU&feature=fvw
  5. The Gestalt Principles. Retrieved October 10, 2009, from The Gestalt Principles Web site: http://graphicdesign.spokanefalls.edu/tutorials/process/gestaltprinciples/gestaltprinc.htm
Edited by: Eungi
Date of last edit: October 11, 2009



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