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|Definition (Myers): In operant conditioning, any event that strengthens the behavior it follows.|
|Definition (alternative):The term reinforce means to strengthen, and is used in psychology to refer to any stimulus which strengthens or increases the probability of a specific response. *|
| Contextual explanation: For example, if you want your dog to sit on command, you may give him a treat every time he sits for you. The dog will eventually come to understand that sitting when told to will result in a treat. This treat is reinforcing because he likes it and will result in him sitting when instructed to do so. *|
Positive reinforcement: adding a desirable stimulus : for example, getting a hug or watching TV
Negative reinforcement: removing something an aversive stimulus: for example, fastening seatbelt to turn off beeping
| Related terms and concepts: |
-> Compare and contrast positive, negative reinforcements and positive, negative punishments. As mentioned above, positive reinforcement adds something good to the environment, and negative reinforcement removes something good from the environment.
-> This rat is trained to press the lever when the tester gives food. It follows positive reinforcement.
| Related websites: |
-> This is a personal blog that explains the effects of positive and negative reinforcers easily.
-> General overview of reinforcement with related terms.
-> Brief and straight forward guide.
|Edited by: Elaine|