Psych M.D. - Short-term memory

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Term: Short-term memory
Definition (Myers): Activated memory that holds a few items briefly, such as the seven digits of a phone number while dialing, before the information is stored or forgotten. Working memory is a similar concept that focuses more on the processing of briefly stored information.
Definition (alternative): Short-term memory refers to the capacity for holding a small amount of information in mind in an active, readily available state for a short period of time. The duration of short-term memory (when rehearsal is prevented) is assumed to be in the order of seconds. Estimates of the capacity of short-term memory vary – from about 3 or 4 elements (i.e., words, digits, or letters) to about 9 elements. A commonly-cited capacity is 7±2 elements. In contrast, long-term memory indefinitely stores a seemingly unlimited amount of information. link

Contextual explanation: In other words, and much basically, Short-term memory mostly means the exact same thing as it is named. It is the memory that is held for a short time. For example, when you work at McDonalds and you take orders, it is one kind of short-term memory because you have to memorize what the customer ordered and bring it quickly as possible.

Related terms and concepts: Sensory Memory, Long-Term Memory



Psych M.D. - Short-term memory - The Neuron

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Edited by: John



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