Psych M.D.-Operant Conditioning


Term: Operant Conditioning
Definition (Myers): A type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followed by a reinforcer or diminished if followed by a punisher.
Definition (alternative): The use of consequences to modify the occurrence and form of behavior. *
Contextual explanation: Through operant conditioning subjects associate behaviors with their consequences. Therefore, they are likely to repeat rewarded (reinforced) behaviors and less likely to repeat punished behaviors. Operant conditioning is different from classical conditioning in that operant conditioning involves operant behavior which is the behavior that operates on the environment, producing consequences and classical conditioning involves respondent behavior which is the behavior learned through classical conditioning.

Related terms and concepts:

Video about operant conditioning

Psych M.D.-Operant Conditioning - The Neuron
Related websites:
1) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operant_conditioning
2) http://chiron.valdosta.edu/whuitt/col/behsys/operant.html

Edited by: Yeri Kim