Repressed or Constructed Memories of Abuse?

Topic: Repressed or Constructed Memories of Abuse?
Posted by Joon
Keywords: none

Freud
"Memory wars" was a very common controversy in psychology in 1990s. Some psychologists believe sometimes traumatic experiences are forgotten. Other psychologists believe that memories remain vivid for life threatening traumas.



Forgotten(Example):
In 1974, a four-year-old Rachel and two others were molested by her uncle. Seventeen years later, psychologist Linda Meyer Wiliams(1995) tracked down Rachel and 128 other women. When asked whether Rachel remembers that she had ever been sexually abused as a child, at first, she said she didn't remember. But a few moments later, she responds by saying she remembers her uncle abusing other children. Rachel was one of 48 victims, and 38 percent of those interviewed that do not remember the individual's own experience, but remembers others' experiences.

Remembered(Example):
Eve Hart, who survived the Titanic, still remembers the incident after 84 years. "I saw it, heard it, and nobody could possibly forget it!" she says.

The important thing is that therapy has been able to bring back memories for people. One woman after thirty-second therapy session remembered that her father had abused her at 15 months.

Compromise of this debate:
To come to a consensus on this debate, the American Medical, American Psychological, and American Psychiatric Associations; the Australian Psychological Society; the British Psychological Society; and the Canadian Psychiatric Association made public statements. Both the offenders and victims of atrocious crimes agree on the following:

Injustice happens: Innocent people can be wrongly accused, and guilty people may get way with crimes.
Incest Happens: Sexual Abuse can occur within family members.
Forgetting Happens: Forgetting is part of everyday life regardless of how positive or negative the event is.
Recovered memories are commonplace: Humans remember events that happened long time ago whether it is pleasant or unpleasant.
Memories of things happening before age 3 are unreliable: People do not remember events when they were an infant. This phenomenon is called infantile amnesia.

It is difficult to assess how true the events were in a person's memory without living their life. Some psychologist believe that people can make false memories.
Three External Links:
http://faculty.washington.edu/eloftus/Articles/lof93.htm
http://www.jimhopper.com/memory/
http://harvardmagazine.com/2008/01/repressed-memory.html



Summary Podcast:


See Also:
Children's Eyewitness Recall
Thinking & Concepts
Thinking & Language, Language Influences Thinking



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