| A. A pervasive pattern of detachment from social relationships and a restricted range of expression of emotions in interpersonal settings, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts, as indicated by four (or more) of the following: |
(1) neither desires nor enjoys close relationships, including being part of a family
|Description||The term "schizoid" means "split-off"7, and refers to the person being split off from society. They are comfortable not being socially or sexually active, and are very absorbed in themselves. |
This disorder affects more men than it does women, and there is more of a chance that a person has it if his/her relatives have schizophrenia.3 It is also more common in poorer people and minorities7.
People with schizoid personality disorder seem detached and distant when it comes to social relationships. These people do not know that they have a disorder (unlike people with anxiety disorders, who often know but can't help it).
The symptoms of this disorder usually begin appearing in early adulthood.
Not much is known for sure about the causes of schizoid personality disorder. However, psychologists generally agree that both nature and nurture play a role into causing this disorder. Most psychologists argue that the causes can be traced back to early childhood. A person with this personality disorder could have had a parent who didn't carress him as a child with love. Also, it's generally accepted that a family history (genetics) can contribute to the chances of getting the disorder. A person with a parent with any disorder in the schizophrenic family has increased changed of developing schizoid personality disorder.2 As of now, there is no known method of preventing the disease.3
|List of symptoms:|
|List of Treatments||According to Cleveland Clinic, people with this disorder rarely seek treatment because in their minds, they don't feel distressed. They have an inability to form relationships, which makes it hard for therapists to get them to talk freely. |
One method of counseling is psychotherapy, which is the most commonly used treatment for schizoid personality disorder. 3 The treatment focuses on increasing coping skills, and improving social interaction, communication, and self-esteem.
It is not common for schizoid personality disorder patients to be prescribed medicine. But it is possible if the person suffering from this disease is also suffering from an associated psychological problem.
|Case Study||The following is reproduced from http://www.healthyplace.com/personality-disorders/malignant-self-love/the-schizoid-patient-a-case-study/menu-id-1469/:|
The Schizoid Patient - A Case Study
|Videos & Pictures|
|Relevant Links (10)|
|WAPA||1) American Psychiatric Association (1994). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM-IV. 4th ed. Washington: Author. |
2) Mayo Clinic, Initials. (2008, December 9). Schizoid personality disorder. Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/schizoid-personality-disorder/DS00865/DSECTION=causes
3) Cleveland Clinic, Initials. (2005, June 27). Schizoid personality disorder. Retrieved from http://my.clevelandclinic.org/disorders/personality_disorders/hic_schizoid_personality_disorder.aspx
4) Akhtar, S. Schizoid Personality Disorder: A Synthesis of Developmental, Dynamic, and Descriptive Features. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 151:499-518, 1987.
5) Hahn, R. (2009). Schizoid personality disorder [Television series episode]. In (Executive producer), Videojug. Youtube. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hY59VuqQGuE
6) Wellsphere, Initials. (Photographer). (2009). Understanding bullies. [Web]. Retrieved from http://www.wellsphere.com/parenting-article/understanding-bullies-how-to-stop-teen-bullying-teen-article/850758;jsessionid=A4150A9111A0F46F3EB40B9512AEA37C?query=Avoidant+Personality+Disorder
7) Beoree, G. (2007). Personality disorders. Retrieved from http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/persdisorders.html
8) Vaknin, S. (2009). The Schizoid patient: a case study. Retrieved from http://www.healthyplace.com/personality-disorders/malignant-self-love/the-schizoid-patient-a-case-study/menu-id-1469/