Topic: Solving problems
Posted by: Duwon
When person encounters a problem, there are three ways this problem can be solved. Trial and error, algorithm, and heuristics.
Trial and error is when a person solves a problem by number of trials until he or she gets the answer. Algorithm is a step-by-step procedure and simple strategies are called heuristics. There is also a sudden and often novel realization of a solution of that problem and it is called the insight.
Confirmation bias is when a person tends to look for the information that confirms what he or she thinks is right. the book talks about the experiment Peter Wason did with British university students.
fixation is the inability to see a problem from a new perspective.
mental set is when a person is able to solve a problem because of the result of a previous question they had solved. they try to use the same solution that they had used before. However, if this result is different, it will make it harder for the person to solve the question because they stick to what they had used before.
functional fixedness is the tendency to think of things only in terms of their usual functions. bad for problem solving. The book explains these by giving out questions for the readers.
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Try solving it before looking at the solution using your PROBLEM SOLVING skills.